A World Without Forced Migration: Statement of the International Migrants Alliance on the Global Compact on Safe, Regular and Orderly Migration 30 June 2018

It seems to me that no country is interested in the protection of rights of migrants.

This statement by a Colombian migrant in Europe aptly reflects and summarizes the over-all sentiment and position of the International Migrants Alliance (IMA) on the Global Compact on Safe, Regular and Orderly Migration (GCM).

What is the GCM?

What is the GCM and what is its significance to the global migrant movement? The GCM is one of the two global compacts (the other being the Global Compact on Refugees) that were to be developed as a response of the United Nations to the problems confronting international migration and the intensifying global refugee crisis.

This was announced during the UN Summit on Migrants and Refugees in New York City, USA on September 19, 2016 in which IMA chairperson Eni Lestari was invited to represent the migrant sector and to speak in the opening panel. There, she challenged governments and other stakeholders to commit to address the problems facing migrants everywhere and to finally put a stop on forced migration.

Two years have passed and after three drafts of the GCM zero draft which the IMA’s leaders and members have read and discussed, we can therefore concludethat the GCM does not provide a clear and actionable solution to the myriad of problems that beleaguered migrants and their families, much less the resolution of the phenomenon of forced migration.

The Problem with the Global Compact on Migration

Let us start by stating the obvious – the GCM offers no actionable points on resolving problems confronting migrants, neither does ithold anyState accountable to implementing the compact.

The GCM is packed with positive provisions tackling a comprehensive array of issues confronting migrants. These provisions in fact reflect what the migrants have been steadfastly campaigning governments to act on, some of which are commodification and exploitation of labour, trafficking of peoples, and slave-like treatment and conditions of migrant workers.

By wielding the sovereignty card at the beginning, the GCM has already set governments free from any commitment or liability. So,despite its adoption by the end of this year, the GCM may not make any significant impact on the migrants’ worsening situation, given that border controls are already being tightened across Europe, immigration laws are becoming more restrictive, and the criminalization of migrants, undocumented or otherwise, continues to be legislated.

The United States, notorious for instigatingxenophobia and discriminationagainst migrants, has already backed out from the GCM process – a decision that is reflective of its escalating war against migrants as well as a bad precedent forothergovernments to emulate.

GCM – A Neoliberal Agenda

Despite the palliative on championing migrants’ rights, the GCM clearly promotes the neoliberal agenda of managing migration for development. It has blatantly ignored the historical and current attributions of forced migration while presenting it as a normal phenomenon that can be taken advantage of and exploited for maximum profit.

It only aims to perpetuate the export of cheap, skilled and semi-skilled, docile and disposable labor from underdeveloped countries, continually stunted by neoliberal policies.

Neoliberal globalization cannot resolve the current imperialist crisis; it was the one that caused it and it is the same system that willaggravate it. Through its policies of privatization, deregulation, liberalization and denationalization, many poor countries continue to be economically insecure, dependent on foreign aid, and peddling their nationals for cheap labor export.

Under neoliberal globalization, the commodification of migrant labor has become prevalent and so has modern-day slavery. Thesituation of migrants isno different from that ofasylum seekers and refugees who have been cast away from their land because of conflicts, warsof aggression and occupation,and proxy warsyet continue to be subjected to inhumane treatment, criminalization, violence and genocide.

Will the Global Compact on Refugees concretely address the problems confronting the 600,000 Rohingya refugees, the millions of Palestinians seemingly perpetually aggressed by the Israeli government since the Al-Nakba, the many Africans who are loss at sea?

Neither of theseglobal compacts is legally binding, has referenced the historical and current reality facing migrants and refugees, nor has prioritized human rights-based approach over the neoliberal framework.

Building the Movement for Change

As we acknowledge the efforts placed in the process of developing the document, the International Migrants Alliancewill go beyond the Global Compact on Migration in pursuing the full recognition and respect of the rights of migrants and their families and the conclusion of forced migration.

We have proven time and again that it is only through the concerted efforts of grassroots migrants to educate, organize and mobilize among them to struggle collectively for and win their just demands. From wage hikes to saving migrants in jail to addressing anti-migrant policies, we have won victories through our unified actions and campaigns. Such initiatives contribute to a growing migrant movement from the country to the global level. The existence of the IMA is proof to this.

Not only did the IMA but the whole world celebrated when Indonesian domestic worker Erwiana Sulistyaningsih won her case against her abusive Hong Kong employer. It was the concerted efforts of grassroots migrant organizations, migrant-serving institutions, local advocates and human rights defenders in Hong Kong as well as other members of the international community that broadcast to the whole world the horrors facing migrant domestic workers through the case of Erwiana. Erwiana’s win in the legal battle was a score for the migrant movement that continues to assert the protection and respect of migrants all over the world.

Countless victories for migrants were won because of our collective efforts and campaigns – the campaign to keep cancer-stricken Juana Tejada from being deported from Canada has led to the passing of a law protecting temporary migrant workers there; the broad international solidarity campaign, togethe with collaborative efforts of progressive and pro-migrant lawyers from Indonesia, Philippines and Australia, have successfully pressured the Indonesian government to commute the death sentence for drug and human trafficking victim Mary Jane Veloso; and the justice given to survivors of trafficking and slavery.

The strength of the global migrant movement relies on the continuous, steadfast and collective efforts of migrant organizations, unions and movements on the ground that unite with local peoples and all friends, forge solidarity and work in a framework that champions the rights, welfare and dignity of the people over the capitalist interests of a few. This is the very framework by which the International Migrants Alliance leads the movement.

This is the framework by which we campaign and work towards a world where no family is broken apart by the need to survive, where migration is not anymore forced but is a right and a choice, and where all actors – governments, institutions, business and peoples – are accountable to one another.

As long as neoliberal globalization exists, forced migration and the hardships of migrants will persist. This is the reality that we will have to steadfastly challenge and change.

We have a world to win. A world without forced migration, a world without neoliberal globalization.

Reference: Eni Lestari, chairperson

Uphold the rights of migrants in Malaysia! Stop the Ops Mega 3.0!

The International Migrants Alliance (IMA) condemns in the strongest possible terms the ongoing crackdown on all undocumented migrants in Malaysia and urgently calls on the newly installed Malaysian government to immediately cease this national operation.

The operations called “Ops Mega 3.0” will arrest undocumented migrant workers and their respective employers, slap them with fines up to 50,000 Malaysian ringgit (USD12,450), and have them committed to five-year imprisonment with six cane strokes. This operation was enacted on July 1, one day after the rehiring programme was concluded.

Recent news reports have pegged the number of arrested migrants to 20,000 as well as employers and this is expected to balloon with the Immigration Director-General’s pronouncement to continue with the crackdown.

Malaysia has gained notoriety for its long record of human rights violations committed against migrants, asylum seekers and refugees. As problems of debt bondage, labor trafficking, contract violations, and even exploitation by brokers and agencies confront migrants, the Malaysian government has not provided a sufficient mechanism for redress for migrants nor has it improved problematic immigrant and visa regulations and processes for them.

The gruesome death of 21-year old Indonesian domestic worker Adelina Lisao in February exposes the criminal neglect of the Malaysian government to the plight of migrants there.

Past crackdowns by the Malaysian government have not resolved the growing number of undocumented migrants in the country. Instead of substantively addressing and finding solutions as to how and why migrants become and remain undocumented in Malaysia, the Malaysian government has only intensified over the years the arrest, detention and deportation of migrants, subjecting them to inhumane conditions and placing them in great harm, even death.

No migrant wants to be illegal. Undocumented or irregular migration is the result of migrants fleeing or trying to survive from multiple forms of exploitation. It is the only way out for migrants who bear the brunt of the crisis of neoliberal globalization.

The IMA fully supports and joins the Malaysian Bar, Tenaganita and all civil society in Malaysia and across the world calling on the Malaysian government to stop Ops Mega 3.0. The Malaysian Bar is correct in saying that “a significant number of migrants are undocumented for no fault of their own” and should not be blamed and punished. We hope that other members of Malaysian civil society will rethink their decision to support the government’s crackdown and instead join the call to uphold and protect migrants’ rights.

The Malaysian government should cease the crackdown on migrants immediately. In addition, it should call for a national investigation involving civil society, especially grassroots migrant organizations that shall look into the current conditions of the more than six million migrants residing and working in the country and find long-term solutions.

Malaysia has signed and agreed to many international labor and human rights conventions, including the ASEAN Consensus on the Protection and Promotion of the Rights of Migrant Workers. It should uphold and domesticate policies in adherence to these conventions, for the crackdown is definitely a step-back and violation of any human right is already one too many.

The IMA calls on all its member organizations worldwide to issue their respective letters of concern regarding this issue and, depending on their capacity, hold actions in front of the Malaysian embassies in their respective areas.

We shall closely follow this development as we coordinate with our members, partners and friends in Malaysia for possible initiatives to support the call to uphold migrants’ rights and end the crackdown.

Uphold the rights, welfare and dignity of undocumented migrants!

Stop criminalization of migrants!

Stop the crackdown on migrants!

Stop the arrest, detention and deportation of migrants!

Reference: Eni Lestari, chairperson

Note:

For more information about the crackdown, please refer to these newslinks –

1. Malaysia cracks down on illegal workers (The Daily Star)
2. Malaysia urged to stop crackdown (The Daily Star)
3. Crackdown on illegal immigrants will continue: Immigration DG(New Straits Times)

You may also look into these –
1. ASEAN Consensus on the Protection and Promotion of the Rights of Migrant Workers
2. The Bangkok Declaration on Irregular Migration

Build migrant and worker solidarity against capitalist exploitation and war! IMA Statement for International Labor Day 2018

The International Migrants Alliance (IMA) hails all migrant and local workers around the world as they come together, build and strengthen solidarity for just wages, employment and workers’ rights protection, and collectively call for a world without imperialist exploitation and war.

As repression against workers heightens in many parts of the world, the IMA does not only bear witness but contributes to establishing and fortifying links between trade unions and migrant workers’ organizations to champion their rights and build collective strength. In recent years, many of IMA’s members have initiated trade union-migrant dialogues to bridge understanding between migrant and local workers’ conditions, explore the possibility of recruiting migrants to union (which is already being practiced in some countries), and frustrate reactionary governments’ divide-and-rule tactics.

Now, more than ever, migrant workers need to aggressively arouse, organize and mobilize themselves, link up with local unions and other solidarity groups, and engage in local to international arenas to advance workers’ rights, welfare and dignity.

Imperialism is intensifying its war against workers – by revising labor laws that water down workers’ rights and pull down already subhuman wages while favoring big business, continuing to exclude certain migrant workers’ groups from labor laws while perpetuating racism and discrimination, and threatening and actually supporting proxy wars that destroy communities, kill people, and displace thousands of peoples from their homes, places of work and motherlands.

As governments of migrant-destination countries are challenged to recognize and respect migrant workers’ rights and implement laws to realize this, migrant-sending governments should also remain accountable to its citizens who work abroad. No migrant worker’s source of livelihood, dignity or even life should be placed in danger at any possible circumstance.

The IMA calls on all members to further intensify our struggle and contribute to a global movement that shall end forced migration. Let us look forward to and work for a world where families are not broken up by the need to survive.

Workers of the world, unite! We have nothing to lose but our chains!

Long live the migrants’ movement!

Long live the workers’ movement!

Long live international solidarity!

 

UPDATE on the International Fact-Finding Mission to Defend Filipino Peasants’ Land and Human Rights Against Militarism and Plunder in Mindanao

NEWS RELEASE

April 6, 2018

On day 1 of international fact-finding mission in Mindanao:

rights defenders and peace advocates, met with military harassment and intimidation

Divided into three teams to simultaneously probe cases of human rights violations in peasant and Lumad communities in Southern Mindanao, Northern Mindanao and the Caraga region, members of the International Fact-Finding Mission to Defend Filipino Peasants’ Land and Human Rights Against Militarism and Plunder in Mindanao were met by military intimidation and harassment just as soon as they arrived early this morning at their respective airports of destination in Davao City, Lagindingan and Butuan City.

“We were welcomed by presumably state troops who kept on taking pictures of our mission team to obviously intimidate us or discourage us. They even flashed a tarp banner at us with the words “just do it right,” they’re veiled but malicious way of course of trying to threaten us,” said Antonio Flores, secretary general of the Kilusang Magbubukid ng Pilipinas and head of the Caraga mission team. The same style of “welcome” were reported by the two other mission teams.

The teams were also reported to have been closely tailed by several vehicles on their way from the airport to the orientation sites and from there to the barangays where focused group discussions with rights violation victims were scheduled to be conducted. The convoys of the mission groups were also stopped several times at different points by combined elements of the PNP and Scout Rangers for no apparent reasons.

“Our team were blocked for three times by police and military forces on our way from the airport in Lagindingan to Cagayan de Oro, and another eight times from there to the mission site in Barangay Patpat in Malaybalay, delaying our trip unduly and proving just how keen the authorities are in Mindanao in trying to derail our fact-finding mission,” said Rafael “Ka Paeng Mariano, former secretary of the Department of Agrarian reform and head of the Northern Mindanao mission team.

The teams, however, were undeterred and were able to finally proceed to their respective mission areas. “We managed to get past all the checkpoints so far after seemingly endless negotiations with the state forces but this is only the first day and the day is still long and so we must remain vigilant throughout the rest of the day and the entire duration of the three-day mission. We came here for a very urgent reason, we came here to verify mounting reports of rights abuse against peasant and Lumad communities perpetrated allegedly by military elements. Political extrajudicial killings and other human rights violations have not waned and there is no sign whatsoever that the AFP will de-escalate its militarization campaign in the countryside. There are already 126 documented victims of political killings as of December 2017; 110 victims are farmers and peasant leaders mostly coming from Mindanao. No wonder the military people do not want us here,” Mariano said.

According to KMP, these atrocities in Mindanao and other parts of the country are part of government’s counterinsurgency campaign “Oplan Kapayapaan” that tags civilians as members and or supporters of armed rebel groups and are therefore “fair game” or targets of military attacks. A total of 71 full battalions of the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) are operating in Mindanao, of which 41 are focused on counterinsurgency. At least 65% of the AFP’s combat troops are said to be concentrated in Mindanao, where large-scale foreign plantations and mining concessions are to be found.

“The unabated militarization and Martial Law itself in Mindanao must be understood as a means for government, big landlords, oligarchs and multinational corporations to further bulldoze their way into the vast lands and resources of the island. This is not the way to genuine development when rural folk are displaced and even killed when they resist. This is not the way to address the roots of the armed conflict. This is not the way to a just and lasting peace,” Mariano said.

Mariano and other prominent progressives, rights defenders and peace advocates, including former congressmen Satur Ocampo and Fernando Hicap, and incumbent representatives of the Makabayan bloc, are currently part of the International Fact-Finding Mission to Defend Filipino Peasants’ Land and Human Rights Against Militarism and Plunder in Mindanao which is organized by the KMP and the Mindanao for Civil Liberties. Also joining the 3-day mission are the Asian Peasant Coalition, PAN Asia Pacific, People’s Coalition for Food Sovereignty, Rural Missionaries of the Philippines, International League of Peoples Struggles (ILPS) Commission 6, Youth for Food Sovereignty (YFS), KARAPATAN, and Tanggol Magsasaka.#

REFERENCES:

Southern Mindanao team:
Danilo Ramos, KMP Chairperson 09974182478
Jay Cuesta, Anakpawis media officer 09425745898
Northern Mindanao team:
Rafael “Ka Paeng’ Mariano 09982898052
Hazel Ramirez, Amihan media officer 09204896066

Caraga team:
Antonio Flores, KMP Sec. Gen 09212726682
Nadja de Vera, UMA media officer 09162436843

Bangkok Statement in Solidarity for Environmental and Rights Defenders under Attack

March 28, 2018
Bangkok, Thailand

We civil society organizations from all over the Asia Pacific region that have gathered in Bangkok, Thailand in March 2018 stand in solidarity with human rights, women, and environmental defenders under attack by the Philippine government of President Rodrigo Duterte.

The rights and environmental defenders along with other leaders from the ranks of labor, farmers, women, Indigenous Peoples, urban poor, migrants, among many others were listed and branded as “terrorists” by the country’s Department of Justice. The listing puts at risk the lives and security of these individuals, as well as their families and fellow activists given the irresponsible, arbitrary, malicious, and repressive motives behind the petition.

Among the unjustly accused are global coordinator of Indigenous Peoples’ Movement for Self Determination and Liberation and co-chair of CSO Partnership for Development Effectiveness Beverly Longid, executive committee member of Karapatan National Human Rights Alliance and former interim regional coordinator of Asia Pacific Forum on Women, Law, and Development Elisa “Tita” Lubi, co-convener of Indigenous Peoples Major Group on Sustainable Development Joan Carling, former UN Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples Jose Molintas, chairperson of Sandugo Indigenous Peoples’ Alliance Joanna Kintanar Carino, regional coordinator of DEFEND Ilocos and member of the Save The Abra River Movement Sherwin de Vera, and UN Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples Vicky Tauli-Corpuz.

The climate of terror and impunity in the Philippines occurs in the context of the government’s shift toward authoritarianism. In 2017, Pres. Duterte and his allies in the Congress railroaded the imposition of Martial Rule in the resource rich island of Mindanao on the pretext of fighting fundamentalist groups. However, it has become evident that the real targets are the Indigenous Peoples who are protecting their ancestral lands from greedy foreign extractive corporations.

Human rights defenders are not terrorists. They stand in the front lines of the struggle against neo-liberal globalization, corporate plunder, and militarism. Many of the names in the list are women and indigenous peoples actively engaged in campaigns against destructive foreign mining, agribusiness, and development aggression projects.

The virtual hit list drawn up against activists and rights defenders in the country is dangerous given that President Duterte is notorious for his strong contempt of human rights and wanton disregard for accountability.

Shrinking space for civil society is a growing concern not only in the Philippines but also in many countries in the Asia Pacific region. CSOs are under significant pressure as states deploy a range of formal and informal actions to undermine CSOs’ credibility, security, and legal protection. Killings of rights defenders have taken place in Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Pakistan, and Thailand. Enforced disappearances have continued to be a common tactic of intimidation and repression in Pakistan and China. Detention, arrests, and summonses have been deployed in Cambodia, Sri Lanka, and Vietnam. Increased use of restrictive legislation have been seen in Malaysia, Myanmar, and Maldives.

We demand that the Philippine government withdraw the justice department’s arbitrary petition, stop the threats, intimidation and harassment of human rights, women, and environmental defenders, adhere to international human rights and international humanitarian laws, and bring justice to victims of rights violations.

We call on all governments in the region to respect and protect civil society space and recognize the vital work civil society organizations perform as independent development actors.

We appeal to international bodies and platforms to ensure human rights in the Philippines and hold to account the government for its gross human rights violations, including the crackdown of civil society.

We call for international solidarity in upholding human rights and development justice. ###

 

Ivan Phell Enrile
People Over Profit
3/F 114 Ibon Center
Timog Avenue, Quezon City
1104 Philippines
+63 2 927 7060 to 61
ienrile@aprnet.org
peopleoverprofit.online

 

Activism is not Terrorism! Stop terror-tagging in the Philippines

The International Migrants Alliance (IMA) speaks out against the vilification campaign of the Department of Justice (DOJ) under the Office of the President of the Philippines Rodrigo Roa Duterte.

The DOJ came out last February 21, 2018 of a collection of names to be considered as terrorist under the Philippines’ Human Security Act. The list of supposed terrorist includes 461 names, along with 188 aliases, among them are UN Rapporteurs, human rights defenders, and leaders of indigenous peoples.

The voluminous number of aliases, including John and Jane Does, opens up virtually anyone, including migrants, for attack. The blanket list can be used by the police to extort money from anyone, by falsely adding their names under John and Jane Does or any among the many aliases. Even our families can be harangued and targeted, under the assumption that the remittance we send is part of terrorist funding.

With this, the Presidency of Mr. Duterte is throwing due process, rule of law and human rights under the bus. This list is made worst by the law giving subpoena power to the police. Fresh are the experiences of laglag-bala (planting bullets inside luggage) where Immigration police extort money from migrants and tourist alike, by accusing them of carrying bullets in their luggage, a transgression which can prevent a person from boarding their flight, aside from detention. But the list above increases the areas where extortion can happen.

As migrants are worried of their families back home but at the same time remain unprotected abroad, it is more unfortunate now that Filipinos are being threatened by this terrorist tagging under Duterte’s regime.

Drop the list! Activism is not terrorism!

No to witch-hunt! No to extortion! Respect human rights!

Reference:
Eni Lestari, IMA chairperson
ima.sect@gmail.com

Taiwan’s Labor Law Amendments Are Anti-Worker

Statement of the International Migrants Alliance (IMA) on the recent amendment of the Labor Standards Act in Taiwan

24 January 2018

The International Migrants Alliance (IMA) expresses full support to the workers and people of Taiwan who are protesting against and calling for the immediate repeal of the recently approved amendments of the Labor Standards Act.

Under the new amendments, (a) workers can be asked to work 12 days in a row, with a mandatory two days off over two weeks; (b) workers’ break hours will be reduced from 11 to 8 hours between work shifts; (c) their overtime hours will be increased from 46 to 54 per month, yet workers will not be paid more for overtime work; (d) their annual paid holidays can be delayed by one year; and (e) they can be compensated for a “flexible” rest day, in which workers can opt to work during their day off if their employers ask them to (but will pay them based on actual amount of time worked).

Some of these amendments reflect what have reportedly been existing practices of some companies and factories in Taiwan. Tragically, the Legislative Yuan, by approving the amendments, will only legalize what are considered exploitative and anti-worker practices.

These labor amendments open the floodgates for more exploitation of workers, both migrants and locals. For example, employers can legally eliminate overtime payment while not reducing working hours. All workers, especially migrant workers, are at a losing end with a labor law that works against their interest.

Neoliberal globalization is at play here with capitalist profits being placed ahead of workers and people’s rights. What little protection migrant and local workers have in Taiwan is swiftly and mercilessly reduced with every passage of a law that is supposed to serve everyone, not only the privileged few.

The revised labor law definitely works at the detriment of workers’ rights. The capitalists’ development only means the enslavement of workers.

We support and join the call of workers and peoples in Taiwan to immediately and unconditionally repeal the Labor Standards Act’s amendments.

Reference:
Eni Lestari, chairperson
ima.sect@gmail.com