Las mujeres migrantes rechazan la esclavitud moderna, la explotación económica, la misoginia.

Declaración de la Alianza Internacional de Migrantes en el Día Internacional de la Mujer

El mundo no está mejor diez años después de la crisis económica mundial de 2008. A pesar de emplear varias medidas paliativas en las economías de mercado, el crecimiento global después de 2008 se mantiene anémico, con Estados Unidos, la mayor economía del mundo, creciendo por debajo del 3%. El sombrío crecimiento de muchas economías capitalistas se acompaña de una creciente deuda pública y privada. El Instituto de Finanzas Internacionales estimó que en el primer trimestre de 2018, la deuda global alcanzó los USD 247 billones o más de 3 veces el valor del PIB mundial proyectado para 2019.

En muchos países del Sur global, emisores de migrantes, el capitalismo neoliberal está destruyendo millones de vidas. El acaparamiento de tierras y la desposesión de activos son desenfrenados, y esto se combina con políticas laborales de competitividad extrema, que obligan a las personas y mujeres a emigrar. La migración forzada, según la Organización Internacional de Migraciones (OIM), es “un movimiento migratorio en el que existe un elemento de coerción, incluidas las amenazas a la vida y los medios de subsistencia, ya sea por causas naturales o provocadas por el hombre”, y esta es la realidad que enfrentan millones de migrantes.

Las trabajadoras migrantes siguen siendo tratadas como mercancías, sin derechos y sufren condiciones de esclavitud. Las trabajadoras domésticas migrantes, las trabajadoras agrícolas, las trabajadoras informales, reciben los salarios más bajos; en muchos países están exceptuadas de las leyes laborales y permanecen vulnerables a la violencia física y sexual. El Convenio 189 de la Organización Internacional del Trabajo (OIT), que establece un trabajo decente para las trabajadoras domésticas, solo puede ser exigible y aplicable si una mayoría de países lo ratifican, como lo han hecho los principales países emisores de trabajadores migrantes, mientras que los gobiernos de los países receptores siguen sin estar convencidos de la necesidad de dicho convenio. La atención de muchos gobiernos está centrada en las ganancias y no en las personas, no en  los migrantes.

A medida que la crisis económica golpea a los trabajadores, se culpa a los migrantes por “robar” empleos a la población local. En Europa, los conservadores culpan a los migrantes y refugiados por “exportar” la pobreza al interior de las fronteras de los países ricos. En los Estados Unidos, bajo el liderazgo de Donald Trump, las familias de los migrantes están siendo separadas, las madres y los padres de sus hijos, bajo el disfraz de controlar la migración irregular. La xenofobia y el racismo están en aumento y los migrantes y los refugiados son los que más sufren.

Las mujeres migrantes soportan los mayores abusos, la mayor opresión. Las mujeres migrantes continúan siendo objeto de tráfico y de trata, maltratadas y explotadas. Escuchamos todos los días el sufrimiento de nuestras hermanas en todo el mundo. A pesar de los casos de alta repercusión pública como el de Erwiana en Hong Kong o Mary Jane en Indonesia, o el sufrimiento colectivo de hermanos y hermanas de Siria y Rohingya en Myanmar, día tras día, seguimos sufriendo. Mientras decimos esto, nuestras hermanas en el éxodo migratorio de América Central continúan sufriendo tanto el abandono de sus respectivos gobiernos como la violencia que sufren en la frontera de Estados Unidos y México.

El 8 de marzo, Día Internacional de las Mujeres Trabajadoras, debemos, como mujeres migrantes, rechazar la explotación y el abuso. El 8 de marzo, debemos unirnos con otras personas trabajadoras y, juntas, rechazar el ataque del capitalismo neoliberal a nuestro sustento y bienestar.

Que nuestras victorias en el pasado, tanto grandes como pequeñas, sean la primavera, la fuente de nuestra fortaleza, para que podamos continuar la lucha. Lucharemos contra la esclavitud, la misoginia, el racismo y la xenofobia, y el neoliberalismo. Construiremos solidaridad entre los géneros, en todas las naciones y fortaleceremos el movimiento de la clase trabajadora construyendo un mundo mejor para todos los trabajadores.

Eni Lestari

Presidenta de IMA 

Migrant women push back against modern slavery, economic exploitation, misogyny

Statement of the International Migrants Alliance on the 2019 International Working Women’s Day

8 March 2019

The world is no better ten years after the global economic crisis of 2008. Despite employing various tricks under market economics, global growth after the 2008 remains muted, with the United States, the biggest economy in the world, displaying less than 3% economic growth. The dismal growth of many capitalist economies is coupled with ballooning public and private debt. The Institute of International Finance estimated that in the first quarter of 2018, the global debt has reached USD 247 trillion or more than 3 times that of projected global GDP for 2019.

In many migrant-sending countries in the South, Neoliberal economic doctrine is destroying millions of lives. Land-grabbing and dispossession of assets are rampant, and this is coupled with race-to-the-bottom labor policies, forcing people and women to migrate. Forced migration, according to International Organization on Migration (IOM), is “a migratory movement in which an element of coercion exists, including threats to life and livelihood, whether arising from natural or man-made causes” and this is reality is faced by millions if migrants.

Women migrant workers continue to be treated like commodities without rights and suffer slave-like conditions. Migrant domestic workers, farm workers, workers without status receive the lowest wages in many countries, are exempted from labor laws, and remain vulnerable to physical and sexual violence. The International Labour Organization (ILO) Convention 189, which calls for decent work for domestic workers, can only go so far with majority of the countries ratifying it as mainly sources of migrant workers, while governments of receiving countries remain unconvinced on the necessity of the said convention. The attention of many governments is skewed towards profits and not on people, on migrants.

As the economic crunch bites for the working people, migrant will be blamed for “stealing” jobs from the local people. In Europe, the conservatives blame the migrants and refugees for “exporting” poverty to the boundaries of the rich countries. In the US under the leadership of Donald Trump, families of migrants are being separated, mothers and fathers from their children, under the guise of controlling illegal migration. Xenophobia and racism is on the rise and migrants and refugees are the ones to bear the brunt.

Women migrants bear the biggest burden. Women migrants continue to be trafficked, abused and exploited. We hear everyday of suffering from our sisters across the globe. Despite high profile cases like that of Erwiana Sulistyaningsih in Hong Kong or Mary Jane Veloso in Indonesia, or collective suffering of brothers and sisters from Syria and the Rohingya in Myanmar, day in and day out, we continue to suffer. As we say this, our sisters in the Central American Migrant Exodus continue to suffer from both the abandonment of their respective governments and violence they suffer at the US-Mexico border.

On March 8, International Working Women’s Day, we must as migrant women push back against exploitation and abuse. On March 8, we must unite with other working people and together, push back against neoliberal attacks on our livelihood and wellbeing.

Let our victories in the past, both big and small, be the spring, the source of our strength, for us to continue the fight. We will fight slavery, misogyny, racism and xenophobia, and neoliberalism. We will build solidarity across genders, across nations and strengthen the working-class movement building a better world for all working people.

Reference: Eni Lestari, IMA Chairperson

Statement: IMA on the violence vs Central American migrants at the US-Mexico border

Address the root cause of the exodus:
End the violence against Central American migrants

Statement of the International Migrants Alliance on the escalating violence
against the Central American migrants at the US-Mexico border

Trump is the stone-cold criminal, not the migrants.

This is the statement of the International Migrants Alliance (IMA) as it condemns in the strongest terms possible the heightening brutality that the US government is inflicting on the 5,000-strong migrants seeking asylum to the US.

On Sunday, November 25, US border police hurled tear gas and used pepper spray on the Central American migrants after a few of the latter attempted to break through the fence by the US-Mexico border. To make matters worse, US president Donald Trump tweeted on Monday, November 26, that the migrants should be deported by the Mexican government as the latter are “stone-cold criminals” and will not be allowed entry into US soil.

This statement reeks of white supremacist chauvinism and a sheer hatred against migrants. His statements only fuels and instigates more rabid slurs and attacks of his military and radical Trumpists not only on the migrants by the US-Mexico border but also those already living in the US.

Many of the migrants seeking asylum are women and children hailing from Honduras, Guatemala and El Salvador. They have been forced to flee their countries plagued with violence and abject poverty caused and further intensified by neoliberal policies imposed on them by the US government among others. Funds have flowed into Central America but not to address people’s impoverishment and unemployment but to ensure foreign investments and imperialist control over natural resources. The military in these countries have become the imperialists’ protector and private army.

What is purported by mainstream media as the migrant caravan is not a caravan. It is the Central American migrant exodus, the direct result of the failure of neoliberal globalization. It is a manifestation not only of the people’s will to survive but their defiance to imperialist imposition and control.

Neoliberal globalization is the failed policy of US imperialism in addressing the crisis of the world capitalist system. What it has caused instead is the further depression of economies, especially in underdeveloped countries that have resulted in forced migration.

Trump and his ilk are the worst criminals as they continue to gloat on their fascism while justifying the mounting crimes they are committing against the Central American migrants. As some migrants have decided to go back home, many remain vigilant and will stand their ground at the US-Mexico border until the US government’s knees wane, listen and act on the migrants’ demands.

The IMA calls for the immediate halt to the hostilities and violence at the border. Instead of leading the hate, Trump and his administration should look at and treat the migrants as people with rights. Instead of tear gas and pepper spray, they should follow the lead of the communities in Tijuana and many Mexican cities that have, without condition, provided the latter’s urgent need for food, water, clothing and medicine. Instead of closing them down, they should break all barriers, both physical and virtual, and tackle the root cause of the exodus.

We join the American people and the international community who have expressed solidarity with the Central American migrants and continue to pour support for their cause. Our member organizations and friends in the US have taken the lead in mobilizing support and providing assistance to the migrants at the US-Mexico border. We encourage everyone there and everywhere to do the same.

The reality of forced migration and displacement is real for the Central American migrants. The US government should accept responsibility for this and correct such errors immediately.

Honduran Migrants Caravan is the People’s Resistance Against Imperialist Exploitation and Control

(Statement of the IMA on the Honduran Migrant Caravan, 28 October 2018)

Their march is their defiance against imperialism.

The International Migrants Alliance expresses the strongest solidarity to the 7,000-strong Latin American migrants who have caravanned through Central America and are now in Mexico with the target of landing at the US-Mexico border.

The Latin American migrants, many of whom come from Honduras, Guatemala and El Salvador, and with half of them being women and children, do not only live in abject poverty but are exposed to violence, exploitation and government neglect. These conditions they face are caused by continued adherence of their governments to neoliberal impositions and militarism with the intent of defending the interests of monopoly capitalist corporations.

With the intensification of neoliberalism in Central America, corporations ravage agriculture and natural resources while the military and paramilitary forces, fuelled with international aid, assault peasants or campesinos, women, and people who resist these projects. Human rights violations like extrajudicial killings, disappearances and massive arrests of peasants, activists and other advocates are alarmingly high in all three countries. Both governments and corporations are party to the conditions that push the people to leave their countries and find greener and safer ground abroad.

The US government under Donald Trump on the other hand deserves the strongest condemnation for threatening to use any means possible to deligitimize, disperse and destroy the migrant caravan. It is hypocritical of the Trump administration to use thug tactics against the Central American governments for “not preventing their people to leave” while the former funnels financial support to military and security development of the latter.

While it is has similar characteristics with the Mediterranean exodus of African migrants, the migrant caravan in Latin America clearly presents the growing people’s resistance to imperialist exploitation to the point of defying US militarism, especially at the US-Mexico border.

The Trump administration is obviously scared to the bones of the migrants who are now expressing their determination to live and to fight. He and his ilk are afraid that the migrants will spark the fire of struggle in the hearts of the Mexican people and other nationalities, whom the US government has deported over the past many years. How can imperialism nip at the bud a movement of people who are now opposing any more impoverishment, any more slave-like conditions, any more inequality brought about by imperialism itself?

Forced migration does not happen overnight. This is the result of continued imperialist control over underdeveloped nations, their peoples and resources. It is the result and will continue to be aggravated by a global system that premiums on capitalist greed for profit while enslaving, exploiting and stifling the rights and freedoms of peoples.

The migrant caravan that started in Honduras is an expression of the people’s resistance to a world of inequality, poverty and class exploitation. It is people’s defiance against neoliberal impositions and the challenge posed on governments not only in Central America but in all of the world to heed the people’s demands. It is the people’s stand against imperialism.

The IMA will continue to monitor the migrant caravan and will coordinate with our partner and friend organizations assisting them. We demand the US government to retract its threats against the migrants, and instead heed to demands and find just means to address the migrants’ plea.

No walls or borders should stop our solidarity. No person should be shunned away in shame or harmed because they speak their mind. No migrant should be cast away.

No one is illegal.
Welcome all migrants.
End forced migration.

Justice for Mary Jane Veloso, for Filipino migrants, and the Filipino people: Statement of support to International People’s Tribunal on the Philippines

The International Migrants Alliance (IMA) expresses our solidarity and support to the ongoing International People’s Tribunal on the Philippines happening now in Brussels, Belgium to investigate Philippine Pres. Rodrigo Duterte and his government; US Pres. Donald Trump and his government; imperialist instruments such as the IMF, WB and WTO, and; transnational corporations and banks operating in the Philippines, for crimes against the Filipino people.

Indeed, it is high time to take the accused into account for gross violations of civil and political rights, economic and social and cultural rights, and the right to self-determination of indigenous peoples.

We most welcome the inclusion of the concerns of Filipino migrant workers in the charges. We are very happy to know that the IPT shall take up the case of Mary Jane Veloso – with her mother, Celia Veloso, as key witness. Mary Jane is a Filipina domestic worker abandoned by Philippine government and detained in Wirogunan Penitentiary in Yogyakarta, Indonesia since 2010. As the world knows, the national and international collective actions forced the Indonesian government to give her a reprieve from execution in 2012.

In their quest for Mary Jane’s freedom her parents attempted several times to visit Pres. Duterte to make good of his promise of helping Mary Jane to escape from death row. Those missed visit and the fact that the Department of Foreign Affairs has failed to communicate with the Veloso family it is a clear indication that the Duterte government already abandoned her case.

Two years into his term and the Duterte government has not shown any real progress in the protection and promotion of rights of and service for Filipinos overseas. Instead, the regime continues to perpetuate imperialist-dictated policies that enforce forced migration, systematize labor export, and deprive Filipino migrants of a future free from modern-day slavery and commodification.

Mary Jane Veloso represents the concrete realities of more than 12 million Filipino migrants whose urgent need to survive from abject poverty, landlessness and unemployment – caused by the faithful adherence of Duterte to the imperialist US-led policies of neoliberal globalization – have made them vulnerable to all forms of abuses, exploitation, trafficking and modern slavery in many destination countries. Instead of addressing the root causes of the forced migration of Filipino people, the Duterte government has proven to be no different from his predecessors who were all high on promises of service, protection and assuring the return of Filipinos to a more decent life in the Philippines, but were more concerned with increasing remittances, cornering overseas job markets, and profiting from the migration process.

Through the IPT on the Philippines, the IMA hopes that the call for justice for Mary Jane Veloso, for Filipino migrants and people will intensify.

The IMA looks forward to a positive verdict, and vows to work in solidarity with the Filipino migrants and people for their quest for justice.

Reference: Eni Lestari, IMA Chairperson

Interfaith Mission for Solidarity and Service with Migrants, Refugees and Uprooted People 12 to 14 September 2018 Jakarta, Indonesia

I. Rationale and Background

“… for I was hungry and you gave me food, I was thirsty and you gave me something to drink, I was a stranger and you welcomed me, I was naked and you gave me clothing, I was sick and you took care of me, I was in prison and you visited me.”’[ Matthew 25: 34-36]

The Asia Consultation on Forced Migration and Human Trafficking for Labour: A Call for Decent Work and Decent Living held last 9-11 October 2017 in Yangon, Myanmar – jointly organized by the Asia Pacific Mission for Migrants (APMM), Christian Conference of Asia (CCA), National Council of Churches in the Philippines (NCCP) and Council of Churches in Myanmar (CCM) – provided opportunities for churches and ecumenical organizations as well as migrant serving institutions and grassroots migrant organizations in Asia to work together and strengthen support to combat human trafficking and to campaign for decent work.

One of the important actions made during the said conference is to further such cooperation by supporting the Global Campaign to save the life of Mary Jane Veloso and other victims of human trafficking. The communiqué of the consultation explicitly expressed solidarity with Mary Jane Veloso and her family in their struggle for freedom and for her to be reunited with her family in the Philippines:

“Her case is emblematic of the precarious situation that many trafficking victims and migrant workers in forced migration experience today. The relentless campaign by family, friends, churches and advocates in the Philippines, Indonesia and around the world, is equally emblematic of what united action can do—which is to gain a reprieve from execution from the Indonesian government. But the plight of Mary Jane is far from over. To seek justice for Mary Jane Veloso means seeking the commutation of her death sentence and her release, back to her family and community. It also means seeking redress from her traffickers and bringing them to justice.”[ Communiqué of Asia Consultation on Forced Migration and Human Trafficking: A Call for Decent Work and Decent Living ]

With an opportunity to further the cooperation and partnership, a follow-up activity is necessary to broaden the scope of solidarity and service not only with migrants but also with refugees and uprooted people in Asia. The case of Mary Jane Veloso will serve as a take-off point to broaden the scope of solidarity and services that churches and ecumenical organizations and other faith based organizations as well as migrant serving institutions can provide to migrants, refugees and uprooted people in defense of their lives, human rights and dignity.
Migrants, refugees and uprooted people their struggle for decent lives, human rights and dignity

In recent years there is a phenomenal increase in the global population of migrants from the year 2000 to 2017. According to International Organization for Migration (IOM) study there are now an estimated 258 million people living in a country other than their country of birth — an increase of 49% since 2000.[ International Migration Reports 2017 (Highlights), https://www.un.org/development/desa/publications/international-migration-report-2017.html%5D The numbers do not includes refugees and uprooted people who are also victims of forced migration and are compelled with an urgency to survive.

Such increasing numbers of migrants, refugees and uprooted people leaving their families behind are attributed to wars and ongoing conflicts, including those arising from political persecution and religious and cultural intolerance around the world, have resulted into forced migration, creating unprecedented numbers and massive movement of refugees and uprooting of peoples. The uneven development of economies and labor export policies of certain countries have resulted into forced movement of peoples seeking employment and other economic opportunities. We must put to stop the scourge of human smuggling and trafficking in persons that occur along the path and chain of migration and mobility.[ Churches Witnessing with Migrants (CWWM), Eight International Consultation, Berlin, Germany, 25-27 June 2017]

Amidst the struggle of migrants, refugees and uprooted people for decent lives, human rights and dignity, churches and ecumenical organizations and other faith-based organizations are facing the challenge to stand in solidarity with them until the fulfillment of their just and legitimate aspirations are realized. Extending services that address the immediate need of migrants, refugees and uprooted peoples that cater to their wellbeing and survival (hospitality, accompaniment and acts of mercy).

II. About the Interfaith Solidarity Mission

The Interfaith Mission for Solidarity and Service with Migrants, Refugees and Uprooted People is a joint initiative of faith groups, migrant-serving institutions, advocates and migrant organizations to address the problem of forced migration and human trafficking. It is a three day event scheduled on 12 to 14 of September 2018 in Jakarta, Indonesia and is aimed to contribute to the Global Campaign to save the life of Mary Jane Veloso and to strengthen support and cooperation among migrants and churches and ecumenical and other faith based organizations in Asia Pacific and Middle East Region to stand in solidarity and render services with migrants, refugees and uprooted people in Asia.

The Interfaith Mission is a follow-up activity and a unity made after the Asia Consultation on Human Trafficking and Forced Migration: A Call for Decent Labour and Living Wage in Yangon, Myanmar.

The specific objectives of the Interfaith Solidarity Mission are the following:

1)Contribute to the global campaign to save the life of Mary Jane Veloso and other victims of human trafficking in Asia Pacific and Middle East regions while raising the awareness of participants on the crisis of migration affecting the migrants, refugees and uprooted people and their families;

2)Come-up with plan of actions that can strengthen regional cooperation and coordination in combatting human trafficking, saving the lives of the victims and advancing the right for decent work, justice and human rights;

3)To develop a system of referrals to be coordinated in the region to protect the lives of the labor trafficking victims; migrants, refugees and uprooted people in Asia Pacific and Middle East regions

III. Activities of the Interfaith Solidarity Mission:
The following are activities of the interfaith mission and what are being expected:

1. Regional (Asia-Pacific) Interfaith Solidarity Conference: A one and a half-day conference on solidarity and service with migrants, refugees and uprooted people. Conference resolutions and statement as well as platform of cooperation and partnership among different churches and ecumenical organizations and other faith based organizations, migrant serving institutions and grassroots migrant organizations will be discussed.

2. Forum and Dialogue with Indonesian Government Officials: An afternoon forum and dialogue with some government officials of Indonesia including from the office of the Ministry of Labor, human rights and women commissions and some Parliamentarian will be in attendance to discuss the issues of labor trafficking and the rights and protections of migrants. Local communities, leaders of faith based organizations and migrant organizations in Indonesia will be invited along with international participants to attend the event.

3. Jail visitation: Some international participants (those who signify to join) as well as leaders from Communion of Churches in Indonesia and Kaluarga Besar Buruh Migran Indonesia (KABAR BUMI) and other human rights and justice advocates will visit Mary Jane Veloso in prison. It is a good opportunity to hear Mary Jane’s story of hope and struggle and convey our solidarity. Participants need to reserve a whole day for this activity including travel from Jakarta to Yogyakarta and return. Also please be noted that the prison authorities only allowed maximum of 10 persons per visit/day.

IV. Organizers

The Communion of Churches in Indonesia/ Persekutuan Gereja-Gereja di Indonesia (NCCI/PGI), National Council of Churches in the Philippines (NCCP), Migrante International, Kaluarga Besar Buruh Migran Indonesia (KABAR BUMI) and the Asia Pacific Mission for Migrants (APMM) jointly organize the interfaith mission.

V. Schedules

Arrival date: 11 September 2018 (Tuesday)
Departure date: 14 September 2018 (Friday)
15 September (Saturday) – for those who are joining the jail visit on 14th September.VI. Accommodation and Conference Venue

Communion of Churches in Indonesia (CCI)
(Persekutuan Gereja-Gereja Di Indonesia – PGI)
Jl. Salemba Raya 10 Jakarta 10430, Indonesia
Tel. +62-21-3150451, 3150455 / Website: http://www.pgi.or.id